You went to school ? (f) "ذهبت الى المدرسة ؟"
In this lesson, we are going to learn about the past form/tense. As mentioned before,
verbs in Arabic language have three forms: Present, Past and Imperative.
Now we will focus on the past form/tense. Like present form, the verb changes according to the subject. The pattern most verbs follow in the past tense is demonstrated in the following example (notice the letters written in red):
|SHareb shareb (Drank)|
|anaa SHareb--to||anaa sharebto (I drank)|
|anta SHareb--ta||anta sharebta (You drank(m.))|
|ante SHareb--te||ante sharebte (You drank(f.))|
|antom SHareb--tom||antom sharebtom (You drank(pl.))|
|howa SHareb||howa shareb (He drank)|
|heya SHareb--at||heya sharebat (She drank)|
|hom SHareb--oo||hom shareboo (They drank)|
|naHno SHareb--naa||naHno sharebnaa (We drank)|
There are verbs differing a little from that pattern, but we will focus now
on the regular verbs. These irregular verbs will be studied later.
The following verbs follow the same pattern shown above :
There is an important thing to mention here, when the subject is a personal pronoun (I, You, ... etc), it can be omitted because it can be known implicitly from the verb itself ( e.g. in a phrase like "zahabtY ela almadrassah ?", it can be deduced that the phrase is directed to a female from the verb "zahabtY" ). Omitting the subject is valid either in present or in past tense, but in past tense particularly, it's very recommended to omit the subject as almost all Arabic texts do so.
Examples of using verbs in the past tense (note that the subject is
omitted in these examples):
( I drank coffee)
2-DHahabte elE aalmadrasat>
DHahabte ela al-madrasah
You went to school (f.)
3-waqaftom fee aalSHaare3
waqaftom fee al-shaarea
You stood in the street (pl.)
4-galasat 3alE aalkorsee
galasat aala al-korsee
She sat on the chair
We ate apple
That was it with the past form for this lesson, now it is exercise time ;).